Measurement and Analysis of Interspinous Kinematics

Abstract: Background and Objectives: Knowledge of spine  segment motion patterns or “kinematics” is of interest to understanding  the time-dependent or viscoelastic behavior of the spine,

The Force of the Activator® Adjusting Instrument

Abstract: The Activator® Adjusting Instrument is a hand-held device which can produce adjusting force. Four activator adjusting instruments were used to introduce a force into